William George Underwood, 18411925 (aged 83 years)

Name
William George Underwood
Birth

Gloucester Union was the Gloucester Workhouse

Note

William George Underwood 1841-1925

William George Underwoods was born on 23 September 1841 at Gloucester, Gloucestershire, and was baptised at St Lukes Church, South Hamlet, Gloucester, on 17 October 1841.

His parents were George William Underwood and Maria Lane who got married in 1840 In Gloucestershire.

He married Emma Birmingham in Bristol, Gloucestershire in 1862, and they had at least three children

  1. Joshua W Underwood born at Bedminster, Bristol in 1866
  2. Sarah Underwood born at bedminster, Bristol in 1869
  3. Joseph Underwood born at Bedminster, Bristol in 1871.

He was possibly a patient in a mental hospital for thirty years towards the end of his life, and may have died at Islington, London in 1925.

REFERENCES

1841 UK Birth index Gloucester Union, Oct-Dec, volume 11, page 348. Underwood William George, Mother’s name: Lane.

1841 Birth Certificate Superintendent Registrar of Gloucester Union, South Hamlet, Gloucestershire. 23 September 1841 William George Father: George Underwood, Labourer Mother: Maria Underwood, Formerly: Lane Informant: Maria Lane, Occupier, Sixty Day Not Road When Registered: 17 October 1841

1841 Baptism St Lukes Church, South Hamlet, Gloucestershire. Baptism Register 17 Oct 1841. William George Underwood, Baptised 17 October, Born 23 September. Parents: George and Maria Underwood, Abode: South Hamlet, Labourer.

1851 UK Census HO107Piece1962Folio323Page27 Barton St Mary, Lower Barton:

  • George Underwood, Head, married, aged 32, Engine Driver, born Atworth, Wiltshire.
  • Matilda Underwood, Wife, aged 20, born Bath.
  • William George Underwood, Son, aged 9, Scholar, born Bridgwater, Somerset.
  • Ann Maria Underwood, Daughter, aged 7, Scholar, born Gloucester.

The person who took the above census got confused and got the places of birth wrong for the two children. It was William George Underwood who was born in Gloucester, and Ann Maria Underwood who was born in Bridgwater.

1861 UK Census RG9Piece1721Folio115Page3 12 Stokes Croft, Bristol.

  • Harriet Moulding, Head, Unmarried, 30, Dress Maker, born Bath, Somerset.
  • George Underwood, Boarder, Unmarried, 21, Hatters Clerk, born Bristol.

We cannot be absolutely certain that the above census record refers to William George Underwood, but it is in Bristol (where he married the following year) and the age is right. I have been unable to find any better match elsewhere.

1862 Marriage UK Marriage index April-June, Bristol, Gloucestershire, vol 6a, page 173. William George Underwood Emma Birmingham.

1871 UK Census. RG10Piece2508Folio76Page46 5 Bartley Street, Bedminster, Bristol.

  • William G Underwood, Head, Married, 30, General Mason, born Gloster.
  • Emma Underwood, Wife, Married, 40, born Selworthy, Somerset.
  • Joshua Underwood, Son, 4, Scholar, born Bristol, Somerset.
  • Sarah Underwood, Daughter, 12 month, born Bristol, Somerset.
  • George Underwood, nephew, Unmarried, 14 yrs, Machine Ruler, born Bristol, Somerset.

It is not known for certain what happened to William George Underwood between the 1871 Census when he was 30 years old mason living with his wife, and the 1901 census when he was a 59 year old bricklayers labourer living apart from his wife.

In the 1881 census his wife is listed as the head of the family living with her children in Bedminster, Somerset. However, she is listed as as a 'Married' dress maker, not 'Widowed' or 'Divorced'.

By the 1891 census she is still in Bedminster, but described as a Widowed Tailoress, and in the 1901 she is listed at Bristol, Gloucestershire as a 70 year old Mother in Law.

In contrast, William George Underwood simply disappears and there does not appear to be a William George Underwood of the right age who died between those years (1871 and 1901).

However, there is a William Underwood listed in the 1881 and 1911 Census as a patient at a mental health hospital (or as it was described then, an asylum for imbeciles) at Caterham, Surrey whose estimated year of birth would be 1844. It appears that he was allowed to work as a labourer in the late 1800's early 1900's.

1881 UK Census. (Uncertain) District Assylum For Imbeciles, Caterham, Surrey.

  • William Underwood, patient, aged 37, lunatic.

1901 UK Census (Uncertain) Wooten Street, Lambeth, London, Middlesex.

  • William G Underwood, Lodger, 59 years, Bricklayers Labourer, born Gloucestershire.

1911 UK Census. (Uncertain) Caterham, Surrey, England.

  • William Underwood, Inmate, aged 67, Labourer, born 1844 (estimated).

The death of William George Underwood is also impossible to determine with absolute certainty. The following William G Underwood died aged 87 in 1925, but that would make his birth 1838, three years before his known birth year of 1841. However, if he did spend over 30 years in an asylum, at the time of his death his date of birth may not have been known accurately.

**1925 Death (uncertain). ** UK Death index 1925 Islington, London, Apr-Jun, vol 1b, page 168. Underwood, William G. Aged 87.

FUTURE RESEARCH

Future Research Check records for District Assylum for Imbeciles, Caterham, Surrey, where William Underwood is listed as a 37 year old patient in 1881; and as a 67 year old inmate and labourer in 1911.

William George Underwood 1841-1925

Family with parents
father
18191890
Birth: 1819Atworth, Wiltshire, England
Death: 1890Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
mother
18231850
Birth: 1823Wiltshire, England
Death: 1850Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Marriage
Marriage: 1840Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
21 months
himself
18411925
Birth: September 23, 1841Gloucester Union, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1925Islington, London, England
3 years
younger sister
18441915
Birth: 1844Bridgwater, Somerset, England
Death: 1915Stockton on Tees, Durham, England
6 years
younger brother
18491849
Birth: 1849Gloucester Union, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1849Gloucester Union, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
2 years
younger sister
18501850
Birth: 1850Gloucester Union, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1850Gloucester Union, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Father’s family with Matilda Curtis
father
18191890
Birth: 1819Atworth, Wiltshire, England
Death: 1890Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
step-mother
18311873
Birth: 1831Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1873Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Marriage
Marriage: March 9, 1851Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
22 months
half-brother
18521925
Birth: 1852Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1925St Pancras, London, England
2 years
half-brother
18531907
Birth: 1853Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1907Islington, London, England
3 years
half-brother
18551924
Birth: December 19, 1855Bristol, England
Death: 1924St Pancras, London, England
22 months
half-brother
18571934
Birth: October 19, 1857Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1934Basford, Derbyshire, England
2 years
half-sister
18591938
Birth: 1859Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1938Stroud, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England
3 years
half-sister
18621880
Birth: January 9, 1862Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Burial: September 7, 1880Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
2 years
half-sister
18631868
Birth: 1863Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1868Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
3 years
half-sister
1865
Birth: July 4, 1865Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Death:
2 years
half-sister
1867
Birth: July 29, 1867Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Death:
3 years
half-brother
18691906
Birth: 1869Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1906Ashby de la Zouche, Leicestershire, England
2 years
half-sister
1871
Birth: March 13, 1871Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Death:
Father’s family with Sarah Owen
father
18191890
Birth: 1819Atworth, Wiltshire, England
Death: 1890Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
step-mother
1821
Birth: 1821Wick, Bristol, England
Death:
Marriage
Marriage: 1881Chipping Sodbury, Bristol, England
Family with Emma Birmingham
himself
18411925
Birth: September 23, 1841Gloucester Union, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1925Islington, London, England
wife
18301907
Birth: 1830Selworthy, Somerset, England
Death: 1907Bristol, England
Marriage
Marriage: 1862Bristol, England
5 years
son
18661944
Birth: November 25, 1866Bristol, England
Death: 1944Eastbourne, Sussex, England
3 years
daughter
18691948
Birth: May 12, 1869Bedminster, Bristol, England
Death: 1948Wells, Somerset, England
3 years
son
18711883
Birth: 1871Bedminster, Somerset, England
Death: 1883Bedminster, Bristol, England